# Time Calculation in the Vedas

Ancient Time Calculation

contributed by Dr. Deen B Chandora

According to Hindu thought, time travels in gigantic cycles.  Time starts with the onset of creation, Sristi, and time stops with the end of creation, but, at the same time, dissolution, Pralaya, begins.  It is like a circle, for a circle has no beginning or end!  In the life of a person, however, the time of birth to the time of death is only a relative time span.  In this respect, time is in linear form making a straight line.

This linear human life span of time is minuscule, like a drop of water in the seven seas, when compared to the gigantic time circles.  Nonetheless, this linear time is accepted as standard in the western world.  Below are some parameters, units of time, for these gigantic time circles (see figure).

Units of Time

 Largest measure of time: Kalpa 4.32 billion years Smallest measure of time: Paramanu 60,750th of a second Other measure of time: Krati 34,000th of second Truti 300th of a second Nimesa 16/75th of a second Vipal. 2/5th of a second Ksan 1 second Pal 24 seconds Minute 60 seconds Ghadi 24 minutes Hora Hour (60 minutes) Divasa Day (24 hours) Saptaha 7 days (week) Masa four weeks (month) Varsa twelve Months (Year) Satabda One hundred Years (Century) Sahasrabda One thousand Years (Millennium) Deva yuga 12,000 years Chaturyuga Sata+Treta+ Dwapara+Kaliyuga Chaturyuga/Mahayuga 4,322,000 years 71 Chatâ€ºuryuga Manvantara 14 Manvantara Creation, Sristi Sristi One day of Brahma = 1,000 Chaturyuga Pralaya One night of Brahma = 1,000 Chaturyuga

The ancient Vedic sage, Maitreya, gave the table of time units as follows:

 One Anu equals 2 Paramanu One Trasarenu 3 Anu One Truti 3 Trasarenu One Vedha 100 Trutis One Lava 3 Vedha One Nimesa 3 Lavas One Kastha 15 Nimesa One Kala 30 Kasta One Muhurta 30 Kalas One day and night (24 hours) 30 Muhurtas

Therefore, Paramanu is the smallest unit of time which equals to 60750th of a second.  The above time parameters are still used in Vedic Astronomy, Jyotis.

Dr. Deen B Chandora

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